OECD Report: Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development 2018. Towards Sustainable and Resilient Societies
Agenda 2030 called all the governments upon to pursue policy coherence by creating and enabling environment for sustainable development at all levels and by all actors as a key means of implementation ( SDG target 17.14). The 2018 edition of Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development (PCSD), published today, explores how integrated and coherent policies, supported by strong institutional mechanisms, can contribute to the “Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies” – the theme of the 2018 United Nations High-level Political Forum (HLPF)
The OECD Report Policy Coherence for Sustainable Development is the part of the OECD Action Plan: Better policies for Agenda 2030, which seeks to support the efforts of the OECD countries and international community towards implementing SDGs through providing policy analysis, guidance and tools.
Policies for Sustainable Development is the key means of implementation and a driver of the transformation emboddied in the Agenda 2030. The SDG framework on policies brings together global macroeconomic policy co-ordination and coherence (SDG 17.13), enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development (SDG 17.14), and the need to create policy space (SDG 17.15), taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development.
The 2018 OECD Report seeks to contribute to the theme of the 2018 United Nations High-level Political Forum (HLPF) for Sustainable Development “Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies”. HLPF annually overviews the progress in implementation of the SDGs. This year the overview is focused on trackinng the progress in implementing five SDGs: water (SDG6), on energy (SDG7), on cities (SDG11), on sustainable consumption and production (SDG12), on biodiversity (SDG15).
SDG6 on water, SDG7 on energy, and SDG 15 on land, forest and ecosystems are related to key natural resources. They represent a major component of the asset asset base, from which human well-being is derived. Policy desicions made on each of them create impacts on the others. Innovative and mutually supportive cross-sectoral policy solutions, flexible and responsive institutional mechanisms need to evolve in order to deal with policy pressures. It assumes a different administrative culture that promotes collaboration sensitive to the need of global action.
The OECD explores each of five goals in terms of: 1) major challenges, 2) fundamental synergies and trade-offs and 3) potential policy and governance and responses.